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You searched for: subject:"ethnocentrism"
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[audio]Com 11
On ethnocentricity and stereotyping
Keywords: ethnocentrism; stereotype; communications
Downloads: 14
[texts]Voices from beneath the veil : toward an Afrocentric sociology of African Americans - Hodge, Michael Edward
Keywords: African Americans--Race identity; Ethnocentrism
Downloads: 94
[audio]Ethnnocentrism - Jason C. Lira
A slideshow lecture for an ENG111 class.
Keywords: Ethnocentrism; English 111; escargot; Zitkala Sa
Downloads: 126
[audio]Let's talk about Women's Issues in Afghanistan - The F Word
Amanda Chalmers and Ellie Gordon-Moershel take you through the history of the women's movement in Afghanistan and speak with women's rights activist Lauren Oates. As well, Amanda and Ellie discuss their reactions to a recent Globe & Mail expose on women in Kandahar and the struggle to acknowledge and combat our own ethnocentrism as western feminists.
Keywords: Afghanistan; feminism; the f word; ethnocentrism
Downloads: 21
[audio]Exposing the Real Racists! - Dr. David Duke
David Duke web radio broadcast for 02-07-2008 David Duke's Website David Duke Radio Archive for 2008 David Duke Radio Archive for 2007 David Duke Radio Archive for 2006 David Duke's free audio books: Jewish Supremacism My Awakening: A Path to Racial Understanding
Keywords: racist; racism; black; black vote; ethnocentrism; obama
Downloads: 25
[texts]ERIC ED213750: Do Evaluators Wear Grass Skirts? "Going Native" and Ethnocentrism as Problems in Utilization. - ERIC
Anthropological methodology suggests there may be two difficulties with utilizing evaluations over and above the many outlined in several generations of evaluation utilization literature. The first - "going native" - arises when the evaluator has consciously adopted the value and belief system of those in the program he or she is evaluating. The second problem - ethnocentrism - arises when the evaluator has been sufficiently blinded by his or her own value system that he or she fails to see, and...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Anthropology; Ethnocentrism; Ethnography; Research Problems; Values
Downloads: 1
[audio]Menorah Gets a Yes, The Cross a No! - Dr. David Duke
David Duke web radio broadcast for 12-09-2007 David Duke's Website David Duke Radio Archive for 2007 David Duke's free audio books: Jewish Supremacism My Awakening: A Path to Racial Understanding
Keywords: menorah; hanukkah; assimilation; intermarriage; racism; ethnocentrism; jew; israel; zionsm; christrian conservative; cross; chabad lubavitch
Downloads: 16
[texts]ERIC ED301375: Modern Ratio: The Ultimate Arbiter in 17th Century Native Dreams. - ERIC
Seventeenth century Jesuit analysis of Indian attitudes toward dreams was largely negative. While Indians looked on their dreams as ordinances and oracles, the Jesuits criticized reliance on such irrational messages. Jesuit critiques fell into three categories: the dream as a sign of diabolical possession, the dream as illusion purporting to be reality, and the dream as a form of madness. Jesuits explained native attitudes toward dreams in terms of their own European epistemology and psychology...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Canada Natives; Cultural Differences; Ethnocentrism; Intellectual History; North American History
Downloads: 5
[texts]2. Linguistics IJLL Postcolonial Feminism Ashraf Ibrahim Zidan Egypt
Margaret Atwood's fiction is greatly concerned with women’s equality, the violence committed against women, and the convergence of Canada and women with reference to their comparable colonization. Her clear situation, insight vision, and well-determination enable her to be contiguous to women/Canada's wounds, defects, and corruption. This study highlights the natural close relationship between feminism and postcolonialism in Atwood's fiction...
Keywords: Ethnocentrism; Feminism; Gender; Identity; Oligarchy; Oppression; Postcolonialism; Postfeminism; Separation; Survival; Theocracy
Downloads: 147
[texts]ERIC ED384926: Incorporating Multicultural Perspectives in the Basic Interpersonal Communication Course: Experiential Activities Approach. - ERIC
Noting that most basic communication textbooks do not include a cultural diversity component, this paper presents 14 experiential exercises aimed to integrate the multicultural issues related to interpersonal communication topics. The various experiential activities are adapted from intercultural communication textbooks, cross-cultural training books, professional training workshops, and trainer's manuals, and can be used to integrate diversity when teaching the basic course in interpersonal com...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Class Activities; Cultural Differences; Ethnocentrism; Experiential Learning; Higher Education; Interpersonal Communication; Introductory Courses; Lesson Plans; Multicultural Education
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED369117: Determinants of Ethnocentrism: A Study of the Relationship between Students' Exposure to Other Cultures and Their Attitudes toward Cultural Values. - ERIC
A study investigated culturally shaped patterns of behavior and how receptive or resistant people in an educational setting are to different viewpoints held by members of other cultures. As background, an extensive literature review probed the definitions of "culture" and "ethnocentrism," the causes of ethnocentrism, and how ethnocentrism is manifested. Subjects, 535 college students enrolled in business and communication studies classes at San Jose State University, California, completed a ques...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; College Students; Communication Research; Cultural Awareness; Cultural Differences; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Sex Differences; Student Attitudes; Values
Downloads: 8
[texts]ERIC ED245394: Putting Educational Forecasts into Perspective: A Guide for Decisionmakers. - ERIC
This paper focuses on how educational decision-makers can make use of futures research through a better understanding of forecasters' perspectives. Eight problems in communicating that are significant in contributing to poor usage of forecasts by educational decision-makers are: (1) overuse of jargon, (2) preoccupation with technological solutions, (3) ethnocentric perspectives, (4) use of narrow databases, (5) ignoring normative issues, (6) overemphasizing prediction, (7) preoccupation with int...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Problems; Decision Making; Educational Research; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Futures (of Society); Networks; Prediction; Trend Analysis
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED378583: From the Far East to Near West: Teaching Asian American Literature. - ERIC
In teaching Asian American literature on the college level, the first consideration is to try to choose works that dispel the dominant stereotypes. One of these stereotypes is the "otherness" myth that Asian American culture is very exotic, distant, mysterious, as in "the mysterious and far East." In reality, Asian Americans are here, have been here, and from, say, the perspective of San Francisco, their roots are not so very far to the west across the Pacific...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Asian Americans; Cultural Awareness; Cultural Background; Ethnic Stereotypes; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Literary Criticism; Literature Appreciation; Multicultural Education
Downloads: 6
[texts]ERIC ED320155: English "Si," Only "No." - ERIC
The English-only movement is about more than language; underlying it is bigotry against non-White, non-English-speaking immigrants. The term "Hispanic" is itself a Census Bureau creation which ignores the cultural and linguistic differences between such groups as the Mexican, Cuban, and Nicaraguan immigrants. The argument that a single language unites the United States ignores the major role of, for example, the German language and culture early in American history...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Bilingualism; English; Ethnic Bias; Ethnocentrism; Hispanic Americans; Immigrants; Intercultural Communication; Language Attitudes; United States History
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED294216: Re-Reading Ong: Literacy and Social Change. - ERIC
In composition studies, the most influential statement of what Brian Street calls the autonomous model of literacy is the work of Walter Ong. Ong bases the foundation of this model on the research on cognitive development done by Alexander Luria, a student of Lev Vygotsky. Ong finds in this research, carried out among the Islamic people of Uzbekistan in the Soviet Union during the 1930s, empirical evidence for his contention that literacy actually causes fundamental changes in human cognition...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Discourse; Cognitive Development; Cultural Context; Ethnocentrism; Foreign Countries; Ideology; Language; Literacy; Marxian Analysis; Propaganda; Social Values
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED380850: Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture as Measurements of Student Ethnocentrism: A Quasi-Experimental Study. - ERIC
A study measured student agreement or disagreement with statements related to G. Hofstede's dimensions of culture and compares those responses with various cultural characteristics of the respondents. A 40-item Likert-type questionnaire was administered to 535 university students (301 females, 234 males) enrolled in business and communication studies classes (Spring 1992 through Spring 1993) at San Jose State University...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; Communication Research; Comparative Analysis; Cultural Differences; Cultural Traits; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Sex Differences; Student Attitudes
Downloads: 9
[texts]ERIC ED377535: A Chinese Perspective of Communication Competence. - ERIC
To avoid the Anglo-Saxon culture mode, which dominates the current study of human communication in all contexts, the concept of communication competence can be examined from the perspective of Chinese culture. The conceptualization and empirical indicators used for the measurement of communication competence strongly reflect a Western cultural bias which shows a linear and mechanical obsession with cause and effect...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Chinese Culture; Communicative Competence (Languages); Confucianism; Cultural Context; Cultural Differences; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Interpersonal Communication; Models; Research Methodology
Downloads: 20
[texts]ERIC ED362932: "Privileges": A Student Activity Designed To Increase Interpersonal Communication Competence Regarding Gay and Lesbian Concerns. - ERIC
Teachers who lead classroom discussions of gay and lesbian issues are forced to confront their deepest feelings about sexuality and prejudice, a confrontation that many find uncomfortable for a number of reasons. They not only face the possibility that the discussion will turn negative but they also fear they will lose control of the situation. A student activity called "Privileges," which asks students to consider how specific loss of privilege would affect their lives, provides relief for this...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Class Activities; Classroom Environment; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Homophobia; Interpersonal Communication; Social Bias; Speech Communication; Teacher Role; Undergraduate Students
Downloads: 6
[texts]My Journey From Ethnocentrism to Egocentrism - Karl Radl
"My Journey From Ethnocentrism to Egocentrism" is an essay by Karl Radl from "Semitic Controversies" which asserts that Jews are actually egocentric rather than ethnocentric and that Jewish ethnocentrism is only an appearance due to the egocentric system Jews live in.
Keywords: Journey; Ethnocentrism; Egocentrism; Jewish; Behavior; Egocentric; Ethnocentric; Chosen; People; Semites; Judaism; Rabbi; Ego; Egoism; Egotistical; Kevin; MacDonald
Downloads: 154
[texts]ERIC ED371980: The Not So Odd Couple: Critical Thinking and Global Education. - ERIC
This document traces the history of and need for global education. The paper examines a crucial connection between global education and critical thinking. Students cannot acquire a global perspective without developing critical thinking skills. Similarly, they cannot be considered critical thinkers without a global perspective. With the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the challenge has become for teachers to abandon their bipolar assumptions and get students ready for a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Critical Thinking; Curriculum Development; Ethnocentrism; Global Approach; Higher Education; International Education; Secondary Education; World Problems
Downloads: 6
[texts]ERIC ED380851: Minimalism vs. Maximalism in Intercultural Research and Training. - ERIC
Like Antarctica, the fields of cross- and intercultural communication are claimed by many, explored by not so many, and understood by perhaps rather few. The most popular references in this area reflect a "maximalist" perspective, generally cross-cultural, which advocates the view that culture is a monolithic and static entity and that people's culture will largely determine their way of interacting with others...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Problems; Communication Research; Cross Cultural Training; Cultural Influences; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Intercultural Communication; Research Needs
Downloads: 7
[texts]ERIC ED337816: Follow Us into Our World: Feminist Scholarship on the Communication of Women of Color. - ERIC
In the highly competitive, racist milieu of the academy, even feminist scholars, anxious to advance their own careers, can be lured into ethnocentric research practices that exploit, rather than honor or illumine, the communication of women of color. Before feminist scholars write about such communication, they should seek to answer questions that will enable them to write sensitively, thoughtfully, and respectfully...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Cultural Context; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Racial Differences; Research Methodology; Research Needs; Sex Differences
Downloads: 9
[texts]ERIC ED211621: Counseling Across Cultures: A Critique. Asian Pacific American Education Occasional Papers. - ERIC
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of cross-cultural counseling and advocates a "culture-using" counseling perspective as an alternative to the "etic-emic" approach. The author argues that, currently, counseling is taken as the "given"; culture is treated as a variable in counseling effectiveness; and counseling is never evaluated as a cultural phenomena in itself. The culture-using perspective assumes that: (1) counseling is Western society's form of the helping relationship; (2) qualitativ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Counseling Effectiveness; Counseling Techniques; Counseling Theories; Cross Cultural Training; Cultural Context; Cultural Differences; Cultural Influences; Ethnic Groups; Ethnocentrism
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED384599: Expert and Novice Teachers' Beliefs about Culturally Responsive Pedagogy. - ERIC
This study examined experienced and novice teachers' views on teaching in multicultural classrooms, asking 40 elementary student teachers and 26 cooperating teachers how they viewed the needs of students from diverse cultural backgrounds. Participants rated 23 statements about multicultural education on a Likert scale of agreement, and completed two open-ended questions as well. Student teachers completed pre- and post-test questionnaires at the beginning and end of their student teaching experi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; Cooperating Teachers; Cultural Awareness; Cultural Pluralism; Elementary Education; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Multicultural Education; Questionnaires; Student Teacher Attitudes; Teacher Attitudes
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED316799: Hetero- and Autostereotyping in Pakistani, French, and American College Students. - ERIC
This study explored hetero- and auto-stereotyping in 23 Pakistani students studying in the United States; 21 French and 20 American college students enrolled at the University of Besancon, France; and 59 American college students who had never lived or studied abroad. All subjects completed a four-page questionnaire in their native language in which they rated Americans, Pakistanis, and French on seven bipolar adjective dimensions: friendly/unfriendly, polite/impolite, industrious/lazy, open/clo...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Comparative Analysis; Cultural Images; Ethnic Stereotypes; Ethnocentrism; Foreign Students; Higher Education; Intercultural Programs; International Education; Labeling (of Persons); Student Attitudes
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED315367: Reverse Discrimination by Minority Groups. A Participant Observation Study. - ERIC
This study explores reverse discrimination as a cultural phenomenon that should be studied by anthropologists, and to which anthropology has inadvertently contributed. Discrimination by minority group members is taught and encouraged under the guise of ethnic pride and promotion of traditional beliefs. Ethnocentrism may be a cultural defense mechanism for dealing with actual or alleged hostility and abuse suffered by members of a minority group, and may be used as rationalization of thwarted asp...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Anthropology; Ethnocentrism; Intergroup Relations; Minority Groups; Participant Observation; Qualitative Research; Reverse Discrimination; Social Bias; Social Discrimination; Social Science Research
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED314302: International and Citizenship Education: Need and Nexus. - ERIC
Two major efforts to redirect the school curriculum that are currently of special concern, not only to educators but to the general citizenry as well, are citizenship education and international or global education. Both deal with the development of competent and responsible citizens whose perspectives, knowledge, and skills will enable them to participate more effectively in local, state, national, and international affairs...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Citizenship Education; Comparative Education; Cultural Interrelationships; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Global Approach; International Education; Patriotism; Political Attitudes; Social Studies
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED379703: Ethnocentrism as It Relates to Our Public Schools. - ERIC
Public schools can, and should, do a lot to solve the current, controversial ethnocentrism problem. Teachers must receive adequate training and competent in-service help so that they may provide multicultural education and face their own prejudices. Responsibility for students' behavior and education should be shared by the homes and the community. The core curriculum must be pluralized if educators are to teach each child in the existing school population...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Culture Conflict; Elementary Education; Ethnic Relations; Ethnocentrism; Interpersonal Communication; Multicultural Education; Public Schools; Racial Bias; Teacher Education; Teacher Role
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED367021: The Oh No! Syndrome: Understanding the Negative Reactions of Undergraduates toward Foreign Teaching Assistants. - ERIC
The concept of technology transfer (the application of knowledge) and E. M. Rogers and D. K. Bhowmik's (1970) heterophily-homophily distinction is used to help better understand and offer ways to deal with the negative reactions of undergraduates toward foreign teaching assistants (TAs) in U.S. universities. While it is important for foreign TAs to work harder to improve their English language proficiency and teaching skills, this paper focuses more on the role undergraduates can play in improvi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Problems; Communication Skills; Ethnocentrism; Foreign Students; Higher Education; Instructional Effectiveness; Intercultural Communication; Language Role; Student Attitudes; Student Reaction; Teacher Student Relationship; Teaching Assistants; Undergraduate Students
Downloads: 6
[texts]ERIC ED362284: Toward a Centrist Curriculum: Two Kinds of Multiculturalism in Elementary School. - ERIC
American elementary school children need a common core curriculum so that they can share common points of references that will enable further learning; multiculturalism must be a part of this curriculum. But two types of multiculturalism exist: one that is universalistic in viewpoint, which might be called cosmopolitanism, and another that is particularistic in viewpoint and stresses loyalty to one's local culture, which could be called ethnic loyalism...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Blacks; Core Curriculum; Course Content; Cultural Pluralism; Curriculum Development; Disadvantaged Youth; Elementary Education; Elementary School Curriculum; Ethnocentrism; High Risk Students; Multicultural Education
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED233926: Teaching about Global Issues. ERIC Fact Sheet No. 4. - ERIC
The fact sheet discusses the educator's role in helping students develop an appreciation for global issues affecting their lives and an understanding of the interrelationships binding our society to world regions and peoples. The first section makes a distinction between global education and international or cross-cultural studies. Possible topics for teaching units on global studies as well as educational objectives are presented...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Curriculum Development; Educational Objectives; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Futures (of Society); Global Approach; International Relations; Organizations (Groups); Resource Materials; Social Studies; World Problems
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED244734: Sociocultural and Educational Assumptions in Follow Through Programs: A Need for Pragmatic Integration. - ERIC
This examination addresses sociocultural, educational, and psychological implications for the planning and implementation of large-scale educational interventions such as Project Follow Through. The first part of the paper provides an overview of issues related to the educational plight of economically disadvantaged children. Particular attention is given to the notion of cultural diversity and its educational implications...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Cultural Differences; Cultural Pluralism; Democracy; Disadvantaged Youth; Early Childhood Education; Educational Objectives; Educational Philosophy; Educational Responsibility; Ethnic Groups; Ethnocentrism; Minority Groups
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED253098: The Relationship of University French Study to Ethnocentrism-Chauvinism, Social Distance and Ethnic Descriptions. - ERIC
A study comparing the ethnic attitudes of students engaged in three levels of French language study in an anglophone university also looks at the relationship between these attitudes and gender, socioeconomic level, and course grade aspiration. Ethnic attitudes are defined as (1) descriptions of francophones; (2) social distance, or the degree of avoidance between two people in social situations; and (3) ethnocentrism-chauvinism...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Change; College Students; Comparative Analysis; Ethnic Bias; Ethnocentrism; French; Higher Education; Language Attitudes; Second Language Learning; Sex Differences; Socioeconomic Status; Stereotypes; Student Attitudes; Student Characteristics
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED204213: Applied Research in a Cross-Cultural Setting. - ERIC
Researchers working in foreign settings are often influenced by a number of factors which are quite different from factors which influence research activities in one's own culture. The hypothesis is that these cultural differences can influence research in a positive or negative way depending, at least partially, on the degree of sensitivity shown by the researcher to the unique cultural characteristics of the society in which he/she is attempting to carry out research activities...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cultural Differences; Developing Nations; Ethnocentrism; Experimenter Characteristics; Foreign Countries; Political Attitudes; Research; Research Methodology; Research Opportunities; Research Problems; Research Skills; Researchers; Social Attitudes
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED307819: From Krasher to Ashen: Ethnocentrism and Universality in TESOL. - ERIC
Attention is drawn to aspects of the transfer of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) expertise to both developing and developed nonnative English-speaking countries. It is maintained that: (1) several facts that have nearly the strength of canonical truths in the West reveal an ignorance of, and perhaps an indifference to, the socio-cultural, attitudinal, pragmatic, and even economic realities of Afro-Asia; (2) the contexts, motivations, methods, means, objectives, and traditions of learning ESL ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Developed Nations; Developing Nations; Educational Change; Educational Practices; English (Second Language); Ethnocentrism; Foreign Countries; Instructional Effectiveness; Language Role; Second Language Instruction; Teaching Methods; Teaching Styles
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED291842: Ethnic Children's Literature in the Schools. - ERIC
American educational institutions have used the literature of a few Anglo men to represent American literature. The problem of this one-sided presentation was alleviated somewhat during the 1960s when publishers began to offer some works of ethnic writers, especially for elementary school children. This was the result of influence by the civil rights movement and the feminist movement, which made people aware that white men were not the only people who contributed to American literature...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Anthologies; Authors; Childrens Literature; Cultural Differences; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Literature Appreciation; Minority Group Children; Multicultural Education; Textbook Selection; United States Literature
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED293146: Engendering Cultural Literacy. - ERIC
Traditional literary canons, represented by E. D. Hirsch's list in "Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs To Know" of works which every literate American "needs to know," deemphasize the cultural significance of women and minorities. An alternative and expanded model of cultural literacy, GODDESS (Gender or Diversity Designed to Show Significance), could be a new way to teach the dominant white male culture about women, minorities, the old and the poor...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Education; Classical Literature; Cultural Education; English Curriculum; Ethnocentrism; Literacy; Literature Appreciation; Racial Bias; Sex Bias; Sex Differences; Western Civilization
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED377144: Practical Theories of Teaching, Media, and Classroom Management. - ERIC
This paper examines teachers' practical theories of teaching and ways in which individual teachers participate in a social solidarity, based on Richard Rorty's idea of solidarity as clinging to one's own ethnocentrism to understand differences between right and wrong, good and bad. Social solidarity is seen as holding people together, defining them as a group, and honoring one's own ethnocentrism as a starting place for social criticism and the establishment of pluralism...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classroom Techniques; Cultural Pluralism; Educational Media; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Instruction; Learning Theories; Social Influences; Teacher Background; Teaching Experience; Theory Practice Relationship
Downloads: 10
[texts]ERIC ED369112: The Classroom as a Third-Culture: Contemporary Perspectives Regarding Multicultural Communication Education. - ERIC
This paper reviews and analyzes current literature addressing the issue of multicultural communication education. The notions of ethnorelativity and relational empathy are investigated in the paper and introduced as the components of third-culture building (a dynamic and creative process through which individuals construct a new and mutually advantageous group reality). The paper then examines the theory regarding third-culture building, and its relevance to communication education in multicultu...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cultural Context; Cultural Differences; Curriculum Development; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Intercultural Communication; Literature Reviews; Multicultural Education; Research Needs; Teacher Role
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED381887: Multicultural Education Policy in the United States: A Social Foundations Analysis. - ERIC
This paper presents a reconceptualization of multicultural education for the 21st century through a critical analysis of the current status of multicultural education. Based on Milton M. Gordon's theory of racial and ethnic group relations and assimilation, the paper identifies three ideological systems for viewing assimilation--"anglo-conformity,""the melting pot," and "cultural pluralism." It describes in detail the following types of multicultural educational policies--anglo-conformist, cultu...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Acculturation; Cultural Pluralism; Diversity (Institutional); Educational Policy; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Multicultural Education; Politics of Education; Power Structure; Social Integration; Social Structure; Socioeconomic Influences
Downloads: 9
[texts]ERIC ED355063: Sisyphus in Appalachia: Pluralism vs. Parochialism in a Newly Established State University. - ERIC
In the mid-1980s, a community college in a parochial Appalachian town became a state university. The new university was created at the behest of a powerful state politician despite the opposition of the faculty, administration, and board of the community college. A college of education was created and an interdisciplinary general education program containing strands of pluralistic multiculturalism was designed...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cultural Pluralism; Culture Conflict; Educational Attitudes; Educational Development; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Multicultural Education; Personal Narratives; Resistance to Change; School Community Relationship; State Universities; Traditionalism
Downloads: 4
[texts]ERIC ED386762: Perspectives in Teaching: Submerged Voices in the Classroom: A Japanese in America: What Can She Do? - ERIC
During the past 10 years, a Japanese instructor at an American university has learned to use her cultural background to her advantage. As a graduate student at Bowling Green State University (Ohio), she first perceived her background as an obstacle to her teaching and tried to pretend that she was not different from other faculty. But this mindset did not change students' perceptions of her, nor did it help their learning...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classroom Communication; Cultural Background; Cultural Differences; Cultural Images; Ethnocentrism; Foreign Students; Higher Education; Intercultural Communication; Japanese Americans; Multicultural Education; Sex Role; Teacher Effectiveness; Teacher Student Relationship
Downloads: 8
[texts]ERIC ED389038: Racial Group Orientation and Self-Concept: Examining the Relationship Using Meta-Analysis. - ERIC
An empirical summary of 33 studies considers the relationship between racial group orientation and self-concept of an individual. This issue represents a fundamental assumption of afrocentric education practices, that the racial group orientation of the individual is related to the self-esteem of the individual. The results demonstrate a positive relationship between the degree to which a person has a positive orientation towards his or her own racial group and the person's level of self-esteem...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Afrocentrism; Communication Research; Ethnic Groups; Ethnic Relations; Ethnocentrism; Group Membership; Literature Reviews; Meta Analysis; Racial Identification; Racial Relations; Self Concept; Self Concept Measures; Self Efficacy
Downloads: 7
[texts]ERIC ED356637: Recognizing Our Students' Cultural Diversity in the Foreign Language Classroom: How and Why. - ERIC
It is argued that while second language teachers generally recognize the value of cultural diversity, they may not be acknowledging and taking full advantage of the diversity within their own classrooms. A variety of classroom techniques to support multiculturalism are offered. One is to examine, with student participation, both positive and negative aspects of ethnocentrism and to develop an early respect among students for their own culture rather than focusing first on the target culture...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Objectives; Attitude Change; Classroom Techniques; Cultural Awareness; Cultural Pluralism; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnicity; Ethnocentrism; Multicultural Education; Second Language Instruction; Second Languages; Student Attitudes; Student Role
Downloads: 7
[texts]ERIC ED373354: Sociolinguistics in the Classroom. - ERIC
The application of sociolinguistic principles should be the concern of every professional person who has any control over what goes on inside a classroom, particularly the teacher, who has the most regular, if not the closest contact with the student. It sometimes seems, however, that in their approach to multidialects in the classroom, teachers take one step forward only to take two steps back. In South Texas a real provincialism exists among Anglos about learning Spanish, even though Spanish-s...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classroom Communication; Educational Objectives; Elementary Secondary Education; English; Ethnocentrism; Higher Education; Language Attitudes; Sociolinguistics; Standard Spoken Usage; Teacher Role; Teacher Student Relationship
Downloads: 9
[texts]ERIC ED198734: Ethnocentrism and Teaching Writing to Foreign Students. - ERIC
The rhetoric teacher's aim is to make the native English speaker cognizant of the thought processes he or she has been taught to use by the culture. This approach does not work with foreign students because perception, imputation of meaning, and construction of reality appear to be bound by the logic and grammar of the language we speak. The following steps are suggested for teaching expository writing to speakers of other languages in college English courses: (1) show the foreign student how th...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cultural Influences; Culture Conflict; English (Second Language); Ethnocentrism; Expository Writing; Higher Education; Rhetoric; Second Language Instruction; Teaching Methods; Writing Instruction; Writing Processes
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED293328: Transcending Communication Barriers with West Africa. - ERIC
Americans doing business with West Africans are limited in their ability to communicate successfully in that part of the world because of language, stereotyping, and ethnocentrism. Americans must become accustomed to British patterns of speech and writing. Stereotypes of Africa, its people, and its cultures perpetuated by the media keep Americans from recognizing and appreciating the great diversity of the continent...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Business Administration Education; Communication Problems; Cross Cultural Training; Cultural Awareness; Developing Nations; Ethnocentrism; Foreign Countries; Higher Education; Interaction; Intercultural Communication; International Trade; Stereotypes
Downloads: 4
[texts]ERIC ED385788: Education for Conflict Resolution. - ERIC
The human species seems to have a virtuoso capacity for making harsh distinctions between groups and for justifying violence on whatever scale the technology of the time permits. This essay explores the possibilities associated with using education as a means to avoiding conflicts or resolving them peacefully. Focus is placed on teaching humans to have more constructive orientations towards those outside their group, while maintaining the values of group allegiance and identity...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Adolescents; Bias; Child Development; Conflict Resolution; Cooperative Learning; Early Adolescents; Empathy; Ethnocentrism; Group Dynamics; Hostility; Mass Media Effects; Social Behavior; Violence
Downloads: 7
[texts]ERIC ED375987: Missionaries and Mountain Peoples: Presbyterian Responses to Southern Appalachia & Hispanic New Mexico. - ERIC
This paper examines the comparable educational histories of the "Hispanos" of a mountainous area of New Mexico and the peoples of southern Appalachia. Presbyterian missionaries entered both regions following the Civil War and soon placed mountain people in the category of "exceptional populations," along with freed slaves, Native Americans, Mormons, and other marginal groups in American society. By 1890, there were 32 mission schools in New Mexico serving more than 1,600 Mexican-American student...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Acculturation; Boarding Schools; Cultural Interrelationships; Educational History; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnocentrism; Intergroup Relations; Mexican American Education; Religious Cultural Groups; Rural Areas; Rural Education
Downloads: 9
[texts]ERIC ED345977: Cultural Unawareness: A Critical Issue for Education, Training, and Development. Training and Development Research Center Project Number Thirty-Four. - ERIC
Themes from the author's research into cultural interfaces and cross-cultural encounters have implications for organization development (OD) and training for internationalizing business and developing competencies for working effectively with people of diverse cultures. These themes are: (1) unawareness in the United States of cultural unawareness and the efficacy of recognizing this unawareness for developing effective intercultural interactions; (2) people learn what they have learned to learn...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cross Cultural Training; Cultural Awareness; Cultural Differences; Cultural Isolation; Ethnocentrism; Foreign Countries; Global Approach; Intercultural Communication; Non Western Civilization; Values Clarification
Downloads: 9
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